Religion Key Factor in Preventing AIDS in Africa

IN their new book “Religion and AIDS in Africa” (Oxford University Press), sociologists Jenny Trinitapoli and Alexander Weinreb seek to challenge the widespread view that religious beliefs and communities have unwittingly assisted in the spread of the disease through their resistance to preventative sex education.

They also show that not only have religious groups had a largely positive role in AIDS prevention, but also how the epidemic has shaped religious beliefs in unexpected ways.

The sociologists base much of their fieldwork in Malawi but also draw on surveys from other sub-Saharan African countries. They challenge the idea that African religious leaders share a common perception of AIDS as a judgment of sinful behavior.

Using religious messages to support abstinence tends to be more effective than using instrumental motivations, such as asking young people to abstain so they can attend college or have fulfilling careers, mainly because of the poverty in these societies and the difficulty poor people have in fulfilling such aspirations.

Although this is a popular view, they find, for instance, that the fast-growing Pentecostals, who are thought to be the most embracing of this idea, actually were least likely (compared to such groups as Muslims, Catholics, and African Independents) to say that the sexually immoral deserve the disease. Even those using judgmental themes tend to combine them with powerful ministries to the infected, dying, and orphans.

Without strong societal safety nets, these religious organizations are crucial in extending treatment and preventive measures to Africans.

As for the prevention of AIDS, the authors find that the “ABC plan” (abstinence, being faithful, using condoms) is often effective and widely practiced.

Those congregations that combine bio-medical and moral approaches (such as found in the ABC plan) tend to have lower rates of HIV prevalence while those congregations with an emphasis on faith healing tend to have higher rates-yet it is the latter types of congregations that are growing most rapidly.

Using religious messages to support abstinence tends to be more effective than using instrumental motivations, such as asking young people to abstain so they can attend college or have fulfilling careers, mainly because of the poverty in these societies and the difficulty poor people have in fulfilling such aspirations.

In contrast, religious messages are based on universal claims that have a stronger moral force on individual behavior.

While abstinence is difficult, the book finds that abstinence rates among African teens (ranging from a high 85 percent in Ghana to 64 percent in Malawi) are considerably higher than the rates reported among American high school students (52 percent).

On condom use, the researchers found several anomalies related to religion. The practice tends to be lower among Muslims than other religious groups, even though Islamic leaders don’t prohibit the practice.

In contrast to Western media reports alleging that religion is a barrier to HIV prevention, Trinitapoli and Weinreb found that religious leaders were among the first in sub-Saharan Africa to legitimize the use of condoms. Despite official condemnation of the practice, condom use among Catholics is at a similar rate to other believers; the researchers point to congregational distribution of condoms in Catholic parishes across South Africa.

http://onislam.net/english/back-to-religion/religious-institutions/460236-religion-key-factor-in-preventing-aids-in-africa.html

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7 thoughts on “Religion Key Factor in Preventing AIDS in Africa

  1. Maybe in Sub – Sahara Africa, it may actually work rather than backfire as it has in the West. I wonder if the Christian (and Muslim) leaders in the areas are also addressing a rampant rape culture that countries, like Democratic Republic of Congo seem to have.

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    • I agree. If you want an example look next door to Uganda where rampant child soldiers and rampant rape was the norm. This was slowly changed by Christians.

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  2. “Despite official condemnation of the practice, condom use among Catholics is at a similar rate to other believers; the researchers point to congregational distribution of condoms in Catholic parishes across South Africa.”
    This is true here in England too – there are lots of Catholic Christians who don’t understand the reasons their faith condemns their use; and they are ignorant of scientific evidence that condoms are microporous and ultimately do not prevent the spread of AIDS.

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  3. I am really pleased to read this blog posts which carries lots of helpful data, thanks for providing these information.

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